English Translation of the Message Of
Translated by: Professor (Dr.) Syed Vickar Ahamed
Book of Signs Foundation,2007
third Edition, Sixth Printing
Sura 1. Al-Fatiha (The opening Chapter): (Makkah, 7 verses)
1.1. In the Name of Allah, the All Merciful, the Ever Merciful. [CREATOR]
1.2. Praise be to Allah, the Lord (Cherisher and Sustainer) of the worlds.
1.3. The All Merciful, the Ever Merciful.
1.4. The Possessor of the Day of Judgment.
1.5. You (only) we worship and (only) Your help we seek.
1.6. Guide us to the Straight Path.
1.7. The Path, of those, on whom You have bestowed Your Mercy,
Not of those, against whom, You have sent (Your) wrath,
Nor of (those), who have erred, and become lost.
Sura 2. Al-Baqara, (The Cow): (Medinah, 286 Verses)
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
2.1.. Alif Lam Mim:
2.2. This is the Book:
In it is guidance, without doubt, for those who fear Allah.
2.3. (For those) who believe in the Unseen, who are steadfast in prayer,
who spend, out of what We have given them.
2.4. And (for those) who believe in the Revelations sent to you,
and sent before your time, and (for those, who in their hearts)
have the assurance of the Hereafter.
2.5. They, are on (true) guidance, from their Lord,
and it is these (people) who will prosper.
2.6.. As to those (people) who reject Faith,
it is the same to them, whether you warn them, or do not warn them. They will not believe.
2.7. Allah has set a seal on their hearts, and on their hearing,
and on their eyes - is a veil.
Great is the penalty they (have to face).
2.8.. And of the people, there are some who say:
"We believe in Allah and the Last Day,"
But they do not (really) believe.
2.9. Surely! They try to deceive Allah, and those, who believe;
But they only deceive themselves;
But do not realize!
2.10. In their hearts is a disease, and Allah has increased their disease:
And painful, is the penalty they (will face),
because they are false, to themselves.
2.11. When, it is said to them: "Do not make mischief on the earth, "
they say: "Why - we only want to make peace!"
2.12. Surely, they are the ones, who make mischief, but they do not realize it.
2.13. When, it is said to them: "Believe as the (other) men believe."
They say: "Shall we believe, as the fools have believed?"
On the contrary, they are the fools, but they do not know.
2.14. When they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe;"
But when they are alone, with their evil companions, they say:
"We are really with you; We (were) only mocking!"
2.15. Allah, will throw back their mockery at them,
and give them rope in their trespasses;
So they will wander like blind ones (back and forth)!
2.16. These, are they, who have exchanged guidance for error:
But their trade is profitless, and they have lost true (right) direction!
2.17.. Their similitude, is that of a man who started a fire;
When it shed light all around him, Allah, took away their light,
and left them in total darkness, so they could not see.
2.18. They, are deaf, dumb, and blind,
so they will not return (to the right path).
2.19. Or (another similitude) is that of a stormy rain cloud from the sky:
In it, are zones of darkness, and thunder, and lightening.
They press their fingers in their ears, to keep out the stunning thunder, while they are in terror of death.
But Allah, is all around those, who reject Faith!
2.20. The lightening, almost snatches away their sight,
every time the light (helps) them, they walk in there,
and when the darkness covers them, they stand still.
And if Allah willed,
He could take away their hearing, and their sight;
Because Allah, has power over all things.
2.21.. O you people!
Worship (and pray to) your Guardian-Lord, who created you,
and those who came before you,
that you might have the chance to learn righteousness.
2.22. Who, has made the earth a place of rest for you,
and the sky, your canopy,
And sent down rain from the sky;
And brought forth from there, fruits for your sustenance;
Then do not set up rivals to Allah when you know (the truth).
2.23. And if you are in doubt, about what We have revealed
(from time to time)
to Our servant (the Prophet), then produce a Sura,
like the one here (in the Quran),;
And call your witness,
(or helpers if there are any), besides Allah,
if, you are truthful.
2.24. But if you cannot, And surely you cannot;
Then fear the Fire, whose fuel is Men and Stones;
Which is prepared for those, who reject Faith.
2.25. And give glad tidings to those, who believe,
and who act fairly, and justly, that their reward is Gardens,
beneath which, rivers flow.
Every time they are fed with fruits from there, they say:
"This is what we were fed with before,"
For they are given similar things;
And in there, they have pure (and holy) companions,
and in there, they live (for ever).
2.26.. Indeed, Allah is not ashamed to use the similitude of anything,
even as low as the mosquito, or even more so.
Those who believe, know for sure that it is the truth from their Lord; But those who reject the truth, will say:
"What does Allah mean by this similitude?"
So as a result, many go astray,
and many are lead to guidance, by the same similitudes.
But He does not cause any, but the crooked minded to go astray.
2.27. (And) those who break Allah's Promise, after it is accepted,
and who tear apart what Allah has ordered to be joined,
and who make mischief on earth;
These, cause loss (only) to themselves.
2.28. How can you reject the Faith in Allah?
Seeing that you were without life, and He gave you life:
Then He will cause you to die, and (He) will again bring you to life;
And again to Him you will return.
2.29. It is He, Who has created all things for you that are on the earth;
In addition, His plans called for the heavens,
and He gave Order and Perfection to the seven skies:
And of all things, He is All Knowing.
2.30.. And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels;
"I will create a vicegerent on the earth."
They said: 'Will You place in there,
one who will make mischief and shed blood in there?
While we (indeed) celebrate,
Your Praises and glorify, Your Holy (Name)?"
He said: "I do know what you do not know."
2.31. And He taught Adam the names of all things:
Then He placed them before the angels and said:
"Tell Me the names of these (things) if you are right."
2.32. They said: "Glory to You:
We have no knowledge, except what You have taught us:
Verily, in truth it is You, Who are Perfect in knowledge and wisdom."
2.33. He said: " O Adam! Tell them their names."
When he had told them their names, Allah said:
"Did I not tell you that I know the (unseen) secrets,
of heavens, and earth,
and I know what you reveal, and what you conceal?"
2.34. And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam". And they bowed down: Except Satan, he refused, and was haughty,
he, was of those who rejected Faith.
2.35.. And We said: "O Adam! You and your wife live in the Garden;
And eat of the plentiful things in there,
(wherever and whenever) you want;
But do not approach this tree,
or you will run into harm and transgression."
2.36. Then Satan did make them slip from the (Garden),
and get them out of the state (of joy), which they had been.
We said: "Get down, all you (people),
with hostility, between yourselves, on earth;
(that) will be your living place, and your means of livelihood -
For a time.
2.37. Then Adam received the words of inspiration,
from his Lord, and his Lord forgave him;
For He, is One Who accepts Repentance, Most Merciful.
2.38. We said: "Get you all down from here;
And if, surely, there comes Guidance to you, from Me;
Those, who follow My Guidance,
for them, there shall be no fear, and they, shall not suffer.
2.39. "But those, who reject Faith, and falsify Our Signs,
they, shall be companions of the Fire;
They shall abide in there."
2.40.. O Children of Isreal!
Call to mind the (special) favor, which I bestowed upon you,
and fulfill (then) your Promise to Me, as I fulfill My Promise to you,
and fear none, but Me.
2.41. And believe in what I reveal, confirming the revelation,
which is with you, and do not be the first to reject Faith in there,
and do not sell My Signs, for a small price:
But fear Me, and Me alone.
2.42. And do not cover Truth with falsehood,
and do not hide the Truth when you know (it).
2.43. And be steadfast in prayer:
Practice regular charity:
And bow down your heads, with those, who bow down (in worship).
2.44. Do you enforce right conduct on the people,
and forget (to practice it) yourselves,
and yet you study the Scripture? Will you not understand
2.45. But no! Seek (Allah's) help, with patient perseverance, and prayer:
It is truly difficult, except for those, who bring a humble spirit -
2.46. Those, who bear in mind, the Certainty,
that they are to meet their Lord, and that They are on return to Him.
2.47.. O Children of Isreal! Remember My (special) favor,
which I bestowed upon you,
and that I preferred you to other (nations for My Message).
2.48. Then guard yourself against a Day,
when one soul shall be of no use to another,
nor shall intervention be accepted, for her,
nor shall any compensation be taken, from her,
nor shall anyone be helped, (from outside).
2.49.. And (remember) when,
We delivered you from the people of Firon (Pharaoh):
They set hard tasks, and punishments for you,
slaughtered your sons, and let your women live;
In there was a harsh trial from your Lord.
2.50.. And (remember) when, We divided the ocean for you, and saved you, and drowned Firon's (Pharaoh's) people within your very sight.
2.51. And (remember) when, We appointed forty nights for Musa (Moses), and in his absence, you took the calf
(the Name of the Sura) (for worship),
and you made a terrible mistake.
2.52. Even then, We did forgive you;
There was a chance for you to be grateful.
2.53.. And (remember), We, gave Musa (Moses) the Scripture,
and the Criterion (right from wrong):
There was a chance for you to be rightfully guided.
2.54.. And (remember) when, Musa (Moses) said to his people:
" O my people! You have indeed wronged yourselves,
by your worship of the calf:
So turn in repentance, to your Creator,
and kill yourselves (the wrongdoers); [*you wrong doers]
That will be better for you, in the sight of your Creator."
For He, is the One, Who Accepts Repentance, the Most Merciful.
2.55. And (remember) when, you said: "O Musa (Moses)!
We shall never believe in you, until we see Allah openly,"
but you were dazed, with thunder and lightening, while you looked on.
2.56. Then We raised you up, after your death:
So that you had the chance to be grateful.
2.57. And We, gave you the shade of clouds,
and sent down to you manna and quails, (food and birds) saying:
"Eat of the good things We, have provided for you."
(But, they rebelled) and, to Us, they did no harm,
but they harmed their own souls.
2.58.. And (remember) when, We said:
"Enter this town, and eat from the plentiful- in there, as you wish;
But enter the gate with humility, in (your) way, and in (your) words, and We, shall forgive you for your faults,
and increase (the portion of) those who do good:.
2.59. But those, who transgressed, changed the words,
from those (words) that were given to them;
So, We sent on those who transgresses a plague from heaven,
because they disobeyed (Our Command) repeatedly.
2.60. And (remember) when, Musa (Moses) prayed for water for his people: We said: "Strike the rock with your staff".
The, gushed forth, from there - twelve springs.
Each group knew its own place for water.
So eat and drink, from the sustenance provided by Allah,
do not practice evil or mischief on the (face of the) earth.
2.61.. And (remember) when, you said: "O Musa (Mooses)!
We canont endure one kind of food (always);
So pray to your Lord for us to produce for us of what the earth grows: Its pot-herb(s), and cucumber(s), its garlic, lentils, and onions."
He said: "Will you exchange the better for the worse?
You go down to Misr (any town), and you shall find what you want!" They were covered with humiliation and misery;
They drew the anger of Allah on themselves.
That was because they kept rejecting the Signs of Allah,
and killing His Messengers, without cause.
That was because they rebelled, and went on transgressing.
2.62.. Indeed, those who believe (in the Quran),
and those, who are Jews, and Christians, and the Sabians, -
Any, who believe in Allah, and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord;
On them, there shall be no fear, and they shall not grieve.
2.63.. And (remember) when, We took your Promise,
and We raised above you, (the towing height of) Mount (Sinai) (saying): "Hold firmly to what We, have given you,
and always remember what is in there: That you may fear Allah.
2.64. But, you turned back after that:
Had it not been for Grace and Mercy of Allah - to you,
you surely had been among the lost.
2.65. And you knew well, those among you who transgressed,
in the matter of the (Sacred) day (of Sabbath):
We said, to them: "Be you (like) monkeys, despised and rejected."
2.66. So, We, made it an example to (others in) their own time,
and to their generations,
and a lesson to those who fear Allah.
2.67.. Remember when Musa (Moses) said to his people:
"Allah Commands, that you [are] to sacrifice a cow." They asked:
"Are you going to make us a laughing-stock (among the people?"
He replied: "I seek refuse from Allah,
for, I am (living) among the ignorant (people)."
2.68. They said: "Ask your Lord, on our behalf,
to explain to us what (cow) it is".
He said: "He says: The cow should be neither too old, nor too young, but, of middling age: Now do what you are told!"
2.69. They said: "Ask your Lord on our behalf, to describe to us her color". He said: "He says: An attractive yellow cow,
pure and rich in shade, admired by those who see it.".
2.70. They said: "Ask your Lord on our behalf, to explain to us what it is":
To us, all cows are alike. We truly want guidance, if Allah wills".
2.71. He said: "He says: a cow, not trained, to till the soil or water the fields, healthy, and without defects".
They replied: "Now you have brought the truth".
Then, they sacrificed it, but not in good will.
2.72.. And remember, when you killed a man,
and then, all of you started quarreling and blaming each other about it, but Allah's Will, was to disclose what you were trying to hide.
2.73. So, We said: "Strike the (body) with a piece of the calf".
Thus, Allah brings the dead to life:
And shows you His Signs, so that you may understand.
2.74.. From then, your hearts hardened:
And became like a rock, and even worse, in hardness.
Even among rocks, there are some from which rivers gush out:
Others, bring out water, when they are split:
And others, which sink, because of the fear of Allah.
And Allah is not unaware of what you do.
2.75. Can you (O men of Faith), hope that they will believe in you?
Seeing that a party of them heard the Word of Allah,
and altered it knowingly after they understood it.
2.76. And when they meet the men of Faith, they say: "We believe,"
But when they meet each other in private, they say:
"Shall you tell them what Allah has revealed to you,
that they may argue about it before your Lord"?
Do you not understand (their aim)?
2.77. Do they not know that Allah knows what they conceal,
and what they reveal?
2.78. And there are among them, who cannot read,
and who do not know the Book,
but (in it they see their own) desires,
and they imagine without any basis.
2.79. The[n] woe, to those, who write the Book with their own hands,
and then say: "This is from Allah".
To gain from it for a lowly price!
Woe to them, for what they write, and for the gain they make from it.
2.80.. And They say: "The Fire shall not touch us,
but for a few numbered days":
Say: "Have you taken a Promise from Allah,
because He never breaks His Promise?
Or, you say, about Allah, what, you do not know"?
2.81. Yes! Those who search for gain - in evil,
and are held round by their sins,
they are companions of the Fire:
They, shall live in there [*hell] (for ever).
2.82. And those who have faith, and work the right deeds,
they are companions of the Garden: They, shall live in there (for ever).
2.83.. And (remember) when, We took a Promise,
from the Children Of Isreal, (that you will) worship no one, but Allah, treat with kindness, your parents, and relatives,
and orphans, and those in need;
Speak kindly, and justly, to the people;
Be regular in prayer; And practice regular charity.
Then you turned back, except a few among you,
and you go back (on the Promise even now).
2.84. And (remember) when, We took your Promise,
(that you will) shed no blood among yourselves,
and not turn out your own people, from your homes:
And to this, you truly agreed,
and to this, you (yourselves) can bear witness.
2.85. After (all of) this, you are the same people, who kill among yourselves, and banish a party of your people, from their homes;
Help (their enemies) against them, in guilt and hate;
And if they come to you, as captives, you ransom them,
though it was not right for you to remove them (from their homes).
Is it only a part of the Book, that you believe in?
And do you reject the rest?
But what is the reward for those among you, who behave like this - except disgrace in this life?
And on the Day of Judgment,
they shall receive the most painful penalty.
And Allah is aware of what you do.
2.86. These are the people who buy the life of this world,
at the price of the Hereafter:
Thier penalty, shall not be reduced, and they shall not be helped.
2.87.. And indeed, We gave Musa (Moses) the Book,
and followed him up, with other messengers;
And We gave Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary) Clear (Signs),
and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit.
Is it that whenever there comes to you a messenger,
with what you, yourselves do not want, you become proud-
Some - you disbelieved! And some - you killed!
2.88. They say, "Our hearts are screened: (we do not want more".)
But no! Allah curses them, for their lies: They, believe in little.
2.89. And when there comes to them a Book, from Allah,
confirming what is with them -
Although from the past they had prayed for victory,
against those without Faith -
When there comes to them,
that which they (should) have recognized, they refuse to believe in it. But the curse of Allah, is on those without Faith.
2.90. How bad is the price, for which they have sold their souls,
because they reject (the teachings) with hate;
Which Allah has sent down;
Allah, by His Grace, sends it (the teachings),
to any of His servants He pleases.
Thus they have drawn on themselves - Anger upon Anger.
And humiliating, is the punishment, for those who reject Faith.
2.91. And when it is said to them, "Believe in what Allah has sent down",
they say, "We believe in what was sent down to us":
Yet, they reject everything that which came after it,
while it be Truth, confirming what is with them.
Say (O Prophet): "Why then, have you killed the prophets of Allah,
in earlier times, if you did truly believe"
2.92. And, indeed Musa (Moses) came to you with clear (Signs);
Yet you still worshiped the calf after he left,
and you did act wrongfully.
2.93. And (remember) when, We took your Promise,
and We raised above you, Mount (Sinai, saying):
"Hold firmly to what We have given you, and obey":
They said: "We hear, and we disobey":
And they had to take into their hearts, the worship of the calf,
because they have no Faith.
Say: "The commands of your Faith,
are truly not enough - If, you have any faith"!
2.94. say (to them, O Prophet):
"If the last Home with Allah is only for you, and not for anyone else, then pray for death, it you are true".
2.95. But, they will never seek for death,
because of the (sins), which their hands have sent on before them.
And Allah, is well aware of those, who do wrong.
2.96. And indeed, you will truly find them,
from all people, most wanting to live (on), even more than the idolaters: Each one of them wishes he could be given a life of a thousand years: But giving such a life, will not save him from the punishment.
Because, Allah sees well, all that they do.
2.97.. Say: "Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel,
because he brings down the (teachings) to your heart,
by Allah's Will, a confirmation of what went before,
and guidance and glad news, for those who believe,
2.98. "Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and messengers,
to Gabriel and Michael -- Beware!
Allah is an enemy to those, who reject Faith.
2.99. We have sent down to you, clear Signs (verses);
And no one rejects them, except those, who are evil.
2.100. Is it not (the case) that every time they make a promise,
some party among them, throws it aside?
But most of them, are faithless.
2.101. And when there came to them, a messenger from Allah,
confirming what was with them:
A party of the people of the Book, threw away the Book of Allah, behind their backs, as if they did not know!
2.102. They followed what the Satans, falsified,
against the belief of Sulaiman (Solomon);
Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Satans disbelieved,
teaching men magic, and such things,
as came down at Babel (Babylon), to the angels, Harut and Marut. (These are two idolized men, from the ancient times).
But neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things),
without warning: "We are only for trial; So do not disbelieve or curse". They learnt from them [Satans] the means to cause separation, between man and wife.
But they could not harm anyone, except by Allah's permission.
And they learnt, that which harms them and helps them not,
and they knew that the buyers of such magic),
would have no share in the happiness of the Hereafter.
And low, was the price for which they sold their souls,
if they only knew!
2.103. And if they had kept their faith,
and guarded themselves from evil, and [*kept] their duty to Allah,
far better, had been the reward from their Lord, if , they only knew!
2.1-04.. O you who believe! Do not say ambiguous words,
like Raina (an insult in Hebrew, to the Prophet);
But (say) clearly (to him);
For those without Faith, there is a painful punishment.
2.105. It is never the wish of those without Faith,
among the people of the Book or (the wish) of the pagans,
that anything good should come down to you from your Lord.
But Allah will choose, for His special Mercy, whoever He will (choose) - And Allah is Lord of extreme grace.
2.106. None of Our revelations, do We change or cause to be forgotten,
but We substitute something better or similar;
Do you not know, that Allah has power over all things?
2.107. Do you (also) not know,
that to Allah, belongs the kingdom of the heavens and of the earth? And except Him, you have neither a friend nor a helper.
2.108.. Or would you question your Prophet (Muhammad),
as Musa (Moses) was questioned in the old (days)?
And whoever changes from Faith to disbelief,
indeed, has strayed without doubt, from the right way.
2.109. Many from the People of the Book,
wish they could turn you (believers), back to disbelief,
after you have believed,
From selfish envy, (even) after the Truth has become clear to them: But forgive and overlook, till Allah completes His purpose:
Indeed, Allah has the power over all things.
2.110. And be regular in prayer, and regular in charity:
And whatever good you send forth for your souls, before you,
(from this life), you shall find it with Allah:
Surely, Allah sees well, all that you do.
2.111. And they say: None shall enter Paradise,
unless he is a Jew, or a Christian".
Those are (only) their vain or empty wishes.
Say to them: "Bring your proof if you are truthful.
2.112. But no! Whoever submits his whole self to Allah, and does good -
He will get his reward with the Lord:
For such people, there shall be no fear, and they shall not be in pain.
2.113.. The Jews say: "The Christians have nothing firm to stand upon:;
And the Christians say: "The Jews have nothing firm to stand upon". Yet, they (both say that they) read the (same) Book.
Like the words they say, they do not know what they say;
But Allah, will judge between them in their dispute,
on the Day of Judgment.
2.114. And who are more unjust,
than those, who forbid, that in places for the worship of Allah,
Allah's name should be celebrated?
Whose object is (in fact) to ruin them?
It was not right, that those (who believe),
should themselves enter those (placers), except, only in fear.
For those (who forbid the Praise of Allah's Name),
there is nothing but disgrace in this world,
and a severe suffering, in the world to come.
2.115. The East and West belong to Allah.
Wherever you turn, there is His Face,
for Allah is all pervading, all knowing.
2.116. And they say: "Allah has begotten a son":
Glory be to Him - To Him belongs,
all that is in the heavens and on earth:
Everything, renders worship to Him.
2.117. To Him, is due the very origin of the heavens and the earth:
When He decides on anything,
and He says to it: "Be". And so it becomes.
2.118. Those, without knowledge say: "Why does Allah not speak to us?
Or, why does a Sign, not come to us?"
The people before them said words of similar nature;
Their hearts are alike.
We have indeed made clear, the Signs,
to any people who hold firmly to Faith (in their hearts).
2.119. Surely, We have sent you, in truth (Islam),
as a bearer of glad news, and a Warner,
but to you, no question shall be asked,
about the (disbelievers and) the companions of the blazing Fire.
2.120. The Jews or the Christians, will never be satisfied with you (O Prohet), unless, you follow their religion.
Say: "The Guidance of Allah - That is the (only) Guidance".
And if you, [*are] to follow their desires,
after the knowledge that has reached you,
then you would find neither protector nor helper against Allah.
2.121. Those to whom We have sent the Book,
study it, as it should be studied: They are the ones who believe in it: And for those who reject faith in it, the loss is their own.
2.122.. O Children of Isreal! Remember the special favor,
which I bestowed upon you,
and that I preferred you, to all others (for My Message).
2.123. Then guard yourselves, against a Day,
when one soul shall not be of any use to another,
nor shall compensation be accepted from her,
nor shall representation profit her,
nor shall anyone be helped (from outside).
2.124.. And (remember) when, Ibrahim (Abraham) was tried by his Lord,
with certain Commands; these he fulfilled.
He (his Lord) said:
"I will make you an Imam (guide or example) to the nations".
He, Ibrahim (Abraham) pleaded:
"And also (Imams) from my off-spring!"
He (his Lord) answered:
"But My Promise is not within the reach of evildoers".
2.125. And (remember) when We made the House (Ka'bah),
a Place of assembly for men, and a place of safety;
And you take the House of Ibrahikm (Abraham) as a place of prayer; And We took the Promise from Ibrahim (Abraham),
and Ismail (Ishmael), that they should cleanse (and purify) My House for those, who circle it round, or use it as a retreat,
or bow, or prostrate themselves (in there in prayer).
2.126. And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said:
"My Lord, make this a City of Peace, and feed its People with fruits, - Such of those, who believe in Allah and the Last Day".
He (his Lord) said: "(Yes), and for such as those, who reject Faith -
I grant them their pleasure for a while,
but will soon drive them to the punishment of Fire -
An evil destination (indeed)"!
2.127. And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) and Ismail (Ishmael),
raised the foundation of the House (with this prayer):
"Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us;
Truly, You are the All Hearing, the All Knowing".
2.128. Our Lord! Make of us Muslims, bowing to Your (Will);
And of our children, a Muslim People, bowing to Your (Will);
And show us our places for the celebration of (due ) rites;
and turn to us (in Mercy);
Verily, You are the One Who Accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.
2.129. "Our Lord! Send among them, a messenger of their own,
who shall rehearse Your Signs to them,
and instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom,
(cleanse) and provide relief for them:
Truly - For You are the Almighty, the All Wise".
2.130.. And who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham),
except those, who injure their souls with folly?
We chose and rendered pure in this world:
And in the Hereafter, he will be in the ranks of the righteous.
2.131. Listen! his Lord said to him:
"Bow (your will to Me)": He (Ibrahim) said:
"I bow (my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of the Universe".
2.132. And this was the story that Ibrahim (Abraham) left to his sons,
and so did Yaqoub (Jacob);
"Oh my sons! Allah, has chosen the Faith for you:
Then do not die, except, in the Faith, of Islam.
2.133. Or, were you witness, when death appeared before Yaqoub (Jacob)? "Look", he said to his sons: "What will you worship after me"?
They said: "We shall worship your Allah, and the Allah of your fathers - Of Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismail (Ishmael), and Ishaq (Isaac),
the One (True) Allah: To Him, we bow (in Islam)".
2.134. Those, were a people that have passed away.
They, shall reap the fruit of what they did, and you of what you do! About their merits, there is no question in your case!
2.135.. And they said: "Become Jews or Christians,
if you would be guided (to Salvation)".
You say (to them): "No!
(I would rather follow) the Religion of Ibrahim (Abraham), the true, and he joined not, gods with Allah".
2.136. You say (to them): "We believe in Allah, and the revelation given to us, and to Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismail (Ishmael), Ishaq (Issac),
Yaqoub (Jacob), and the Tribes, and that, given to Musa (Moses),
and Isa (Jesus), and that, given to (all) prophets from the Lord:
We make no difference between one and another of them,
and we bow to Allah, (in Islam)".
2.137. So if they believe, as you believe, they are indeed on the right path. But if they turn back, it is they who are in (different) faction;
But Allah will suffice you against them, He is All Hearing, All Knowing.
2.138. (Our religion is) the purification from Allah:
And who can purify better that Allah? And it is He Whom we worship.
2.139.. Say (to them): "Will you dispute with us about Allah,
(after) seeing that He is our Lord and your Lord;
That we rare responsible for our doings and for yours;
And that we are sincere (in our faith) to Him?
2.140. "Or do you say that Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismail (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Yaqoub (Jacob), and the Tribes, were Jews or Christians?"
Say (to them): "Do you know better than Allah"?
Oh! Who is more unjust than those,
who hide the evidence they have from Allah?
But Allah, is not unaware of what you do!
2.141. Those, were a people that have paeesd away.
They, shall reap the fruit of what they did, and you of what you do! About their merits, there is no question in your case!
2.142. The foolish ones among the men, will say:
"What has turned them (the believers),
away from their Qibla (the direction of prayer),
that they were used to praying"?
Say: "To Allah, we belong, both the East and West:
He guides whom He will, to the Straight Path".
2.143. Thus have We made you (believers) a nation of Muslims,
(followers of the faith) justly balanced,
that you may be witnesses over the nations,
and the Prophet (Muhammad), a witness over yourselves;
And We had appointed Qibla (the direction of prayer,
to which you are used, only to test those,
who followed the Prophet (Muhammad) from those,
who would turn on their heels (from Faith),
indeed, it was (a change) momentous,
except to those, guided by Allah.
And Allah, would never make your faith ineffective.
Most surely, Allah is for the mankind, Full of Kindness, Most Merciful.
2.144. ( O Prophet!), We see your face turning to the heaven: (for guidance).
Now, shall We turn you to the Qibla, (the direction of prayer),
that shall please you.
Turn then, your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque (in Makkah):
And wherever you are, turn your faces in that direction.
The people of the Book, know well that,
this is the truth from their Lord.
And Allah, is not unmindful of what they do.
2.145. And even if you were to bring, to the people of the Book,
all the Signs of Allah, (together),
they would not follow your Qibla (the direction of prayer);
Nor are you going to follow their Qibla;
Nor indeed, will they follow each others Qibla;
And after the knowledge has reached you,
if you were to follow their (vain) desires -
Then you would be clearly among the wrongdoers.
2.146. The people of the Book know Muhammad,
this, as they know their own sons;
But some of them hide the truth, that they themselves know.
2.147. The Truth, is from the Lord; So do not be one of those who doubt.
2.148.. For each one is a direction to which they turn (in prayer);
Then strive together (as in a race) towards all that is good.
Wherever you are, Allah will bring you together;
Truly, Allah has power over all things.
2.149. And, from where ever you start forth,
turn your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque (in Makkah);
That is indeed the truth from your Lord.
And Allah, is not unmindful of what you do.
2.150. So from where ever you start forth,
turn you face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque:
And where ever you are, turn you faces towards it (as you pray);
So that there be no reason for dispute against you among the people, except those of them, who are the wrongdoers;
So do not fear them, but fear Me;
And that I may complete My favors on you,
and you may (be willing to) be guided:
2.151. A similar (favor have you already received),
in that, We have sent among you,
a messenger (the Prophet) of your own,
reciting to you, Our Signs, and purifying you,
and instructing you in Scripture and Wisdom, and in new Knowledge.
2.152. Then do remember Me; I will remember you.
And be grateful to Me, and do not reject Faith.
2.153.. O you who believe! Seek (Allah's) help,
with Patience, Perseverance, and Prayer:
For, Allah is with those who patiently persevere.
2.154. And do not say about those (people),
who are killed in the sake of Allah: "They are dead".
No! They are living, even though you do not perceive it.
2.155. And be sure We shall test you, with some fear and hunger,
some loss in goods, or lives, or the fruits (of your hard work),
but give glad news to those who patiently wait.
2.156. (And to those) when afflicted with calamity say:
"To Allah, we belong, and truly, to Him is our return.
2.157. They are those on whom (descends the) blessing from Allah,
and (His) Mercy, and they are the ones who receive guidance.
2.158.. Look! (The two mountains named) Safa and Marwa,
are among the Symbols of Allah.
So if those, who visit the Sacred) House in the season (of Pilgrimage) or at other times, should go around them, it is no sin in them.
And, if anyone follows his own wish to do good -
Be sure that Allah is He, Who recognizes all, All knowing.
2.159. Indeed, those who conceal the Clear (Signs) that We have sent down, and the Guidance and Evidence - For (all) the mankind.
On them, shall be Allah's curse,
and the curse of those, entitled to the curse -
2.160. Except those, who repent,
and make amends, and openly declare (the Truth);
To them, I turn in forgiveness:
And I am the One Who accepts Repentance, Most Merciful
2.161. Indeed, those who reject Faith, and die rejecting -
On them, is Allah's curse, and the curse of angels,
and the curse of all mankind.
2.162. They, will live in there (for ever):
Their penalty, will not be lightened, nor will forgiveness be for them.
2.163. And your God is One (Allah):
There is no god but He, The Most Gracious - The Most Merciful.
2.164.. Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth;
In the alteration of the night and the day;
In the sailing of the ships through the oceans,
for the benefit of mankind;
In the rain, which Allah sends down from the sky,
and the life, which He gives forth with it, to an earth that is dead;
In the beasts if all kinds, that He scatters through the earth;
And the change of the winds, and the clouds,
which they trail like the slaves, between the sky and the earth;
(Here) indeed are Signs,
for a people who are wise (and who are) understanding.
2.165. And yet, there are men who take (for worship),
others, besides Allah, as equal (with Allah):
They love them, as they should love Allah.
But those, of Faith, are overflowing in their love for Allah.
if only the unrighteous could see; Look!
Then they would see the Penalty:
That to Allah, belongs all power,
and Allah will strongly enforce the Penalty.
2.166. Then would those, who are followed, clear themselves,
from those who follow (them):
They, would see the Penalty,
and all relations between them would be cut off.
2.167. And those, who followed would say:
"If only we had one more chance, to return to the worldly life,
we would clear ourselves from them,
as they have cleared themselves from us."
Thus would Allah show them,
(the fruits of) their deeds, as (nothing but) regrets.
And there will be no way for them, out of the Fire. [*hell]
2.168.. O mankind! Eat what is lawful and good, that is on earth;
And do not follow the footsteps of the Satan.
Surely, he is to you, an avowed enemy.
2.169. For, he (Satan, the Evil one) commands you,
(to do) what is evil, and shameful,
and that you should say of Allah,
that of which, you have no knowledge.
2.170. When it is said to them: "Follow what Allah has revealed:
"They say: "No! We shall follow the ways of our fathers."
What! Even though their fathers did not have wisdom and guidance?
2.171. And the parable of those who reject Faith,
is similar to the one (shouting), like a shepherd,
who loudly shouts to things (cattle),
that listen to nothing, except calls and cries:
Deaf, dumb, and blind, they do not have the wisdom!
2.172. O you who believe!
Eat of the good things, that We have provided for you,
and be grateful to Allah, if it is indeed He, Whom you worship.
2.173. He has only forbidden you,
dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine,
and that on which any other name has been invoked,
besides that, of Allah.
But if, one is forced by necessity,
without willful disobedience (of Allah's Word),
and without transgressing due limits -
Then, he is guiltless. Verily, Allah is Often Forgiving, Most Merciful.
2.174.. Surely, those who hide Allah's revelation- in the Book,
and purchase for them, a miserable profit -
They, swallow into themselves - nothing but Fire;
Allah, will not address them, on the Day of Judgment,
and will not purify them: Their Penalty, will be painful.
2.175. They, are the ones who buy error, in place of Guidance,
and torment, in place of Forgiveness:
Oh! What boldness (they show) for Fire!
2..176. (Their doom is) because Allah sent down the Book in truth,
but those who search the reasons of disputes in the Book,
are in a section far (from the purpose of truth).
'2.177.. It is not rightful conduct,
that you turn your faces towards East or West;
But, it is righteous - To believe in Allah, and the Last Day,
and the Angels, and the Book, and the messengers;
To spend from your (own) wealth, in spite of your love for it,
for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer,
for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves;
to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity;
To fulfill the contracts, which you have made;
And to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering), and adversity,
and throughout the periods of panic.
Such, are the people of truth - those, who fear Allah.
2.178.. O you who believe!
The Law of Equality, is to be followed by you, in cases of murder:
The free for the free, the slave for the slave,
the woman for the woman.
But if any remission is made by the brother of the slain,
then grant any reasonable demand,
and compensate him with handsome gratitude.
This, is a concession, and a Mercy from your Lord.
After this, whoever exceeds the limits, shall be in grave penalty.
2.179. And in the Law of Equality, there is (saving of) life to you,
(and less bloodshed among you), O you men of understanding;
That you may restrain yourselves.
2.180.. It is prescribed for you, when death approaches any of you,
if he leaves any goods, that he make a will,
to (give to the) parents and next of kin,
according to reasonable usage:
(This is) due from those, who fear Allah.
2.181.. If anyone changes the will, after hearing it,
the guilt shall be on those who make the change,
for Allah hears and knows (all things).
2.182. But, if anyone fears partiality, or wrongdoing,
on the part of the trustee,
and makes peace, between (the parties concerned),
there is no wrong in him: Truly, Allah is Often Forgiving, Most Merciful.
2.183.. O you who believe!
Fasting is prescribed to you:
As it was prescribed to those before you,
that you may (learn) self-control; -
2.184. (Fasting) for a fixed number of days:
But, if any of you is ill, or on a journey,
the prescribed number (should be made up) - from days later.
For those, who can fast, but with hardship - is a ransom
[* a security for release];
The feeding of one, who is in need.
But, he, who will give more, by his own free will, it is better for him. And, it is better for you, that you fast, if you only knew.
2.185. The month of Ramadan is the (month),
in which was sent down, the Quran, as a guide to mankind,
also Clear (Signs for) guidance and judgment -
(between right and wrong);
So everyone of you, who is present (at his home) during that month, should spend it in fasting.
But, if anyone is ill or on a journey,
the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later.
Allah, intends every facility for you.;
He does not want to put you to difficulties.
(He wants you) to complete the prescribed period.
And to glorify Him, because He, has guided you;
And for this reason, you should be grateful to Him.
2.186. When My servants ask you, concerning Me, I am indeed close to them: I listen to the prayer of every (humble) caller, when he calls Me:
Let them also, listen to My call,
and believe in Me, that they may be led to the right way.
2.187. Permitted to you, on the night of the fasts,
is the approach to your wives.
They - are your garments, and you - are their garments.
Allah knows what you secretly did among yourselves;
But, He turned to you, and forgave you;
So, now associate with them (your wives),
and seek what Allah has made lawful to you, and eat and drink,
until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you,
distinct from its black thread (darkness);
Then complete your fast, till the night appears,
but do not associate with you wives,
while you are in retreat in the mosques.
These are limits (set by ) Allah;
Approach them not, in its neighborhood.
Thus does (He), make clear His Signs to men:
That they may learn self-control.
2.188. And do not eat up one another's property,
among yourselves, for show or pettiness,
and do not use it as bribe for judges,
with intent that you may eat up wrongly and knowingly,
(even) a little of (other) peoples property.
2.189.. They, (the people) ask you (the Prophet), concerning the new moons. Say: "They are only Signs, to mark fixed periods of time,
in (the affairs of) men, and for Pilgrimage".
It is no virtue, if you enter your houses, from the back:
It is virtue, if you fear Allah, enter houses through the proper doors; And fear Allah, that you may prosper.
2.190.. Fight in Allah's cause, those who fight you,
but, do not transgress the limits.
Allah, does not love those, who exceed their rightful limits.
2.191. Kill them (in a combat situation), [*during wartime],
wherever you catch them,
and turn them out, from where they have turned you out,
because persecution and injustice, are worse that killing.
But, do not fight them at the Sacred Mosque (in Makkah),
unless they (first) fight you there;
But, if they fight you, kill them.
Such is the reward of those, who block faith.
2.192. But, if, they cease, then Allah is Often Forgiving, [*and] Most Merciful.
2.193.. And keep fighting them until,
there is no more persecution and injustice.
And justice, and faith in Allah- continues;
But, if they cease, let there be no hostile acts,
except against those, who (always) practice (hostilities and) injustice.
2.194. The prohibited month -
For the prohibited month: -
[#Please Note: The month of Pilgrimage or Zul-Hajj, was the sacred month, when no wars were allowed. The earlier month or Zul-qad and the following month or Muharram, have also been considered sacred. The month of Rajab, was also a prohibited month. But the enemies of Islam broke this custom. And, some areas of Makkah were considered sacred, where no wars were allowed. In verse 2.194 and 2.217, the reference is to all sacred months, places, and areas].
And likewise, for all things prohibited - The Law of Equality applies.
If then, anyone violates the prohibition against you,
(then) you transgress like wise against him.
But, fear Allah,
and know that Allah is with those - who restrain themselves.
2.195. And from your (own) wealth, spend in the cause of Allah,
and make not, your own hands, to contribute to (your) destruction: But, do good: Because Allah loves those who do good.
2..196. And complete the Pilgrimage or Umrah,
(a pious visit to the Sacred Mosque), in the service of Allah.
But, if you are prevented (from completing it),
send an offering for sacrifice, what you may find (and afford):
And do not shave your heads,
until the offering reaches the place of sacrifice.
And if any of you is ill, or has an ailment in his scalp,
(requiring to shave, he should),
in compensation, either fast, or feed the poor, or offer sacrifice:
And when you are in peaceful conditions (again),
if anyone wishes to continue the Umrah on to Pilgrimage (Hajj),
he must make an offering, what he can afford,
but if he cannot afford it, he should fast three days during the Hajj, and seven days on his return, making ten days in all.
This, is for those whose household,
is not in (the immediate closeness to ) the Sacred Mosque.
And fear Allah, and know that Allah is strict in punishment.
2.197.. For the Pilgriage, the months are well known.
If anyone undertakes that duty, let there be no sign of offense,
no wickedness, nor disputes during the Pilgrimage (Hajj),
and whatever good you do, Allah knows it.
And take a provision (with you) for the journey,
but the best of provisions is right conduct.
So fear Me, O! You, (people) who are wise.
2.198. It is no sin for you,
if you seek the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage).
Then when you come down from (Mount) Arafat,
celebrate the Praises of Allah, at the Sacred Mountain,
and celebrate His Praise, as He as directed you,
even though, before this, you went astray.
2.199. Then move on at a quick pace,
from the place whence it is usual for the people to do so,
and ask for Allah's forgiveness.
Verily, Allah is Often Forgiving, Most Merciful.
2.200. So when you have finished your (prescribed) duties of Hajj,
celebrate the Praises of Allah,
as you used to celebrate the praises of your fathers -
Yes, with much more (feelings), heart and soul.
Some men who say; "Our Lord! Give us (Your bounties) in this world!" But, they will have no portion in the Hereafter.
2.201. And there are some men who say: "Our Lord!
Give us good in this world, and good in the Hereafter,
and protect us from the severe pain of the Fire"!
2.202. To these (men), will be allotted what they have earned,
and Allah is quick in account.
2.203. And celebrate the Praises of Allah during the appointed days.
But, if anyone has to leave in two days, there is no sin on him,
and if anyone stays on, there is no sin on him (either),
if his aim is to do right.
Then fear Allah, and know that you will surely be brought before Him.
2.204.. There is the type of man, whose talks,
about this world's life may dazzle you,
and he calls Allah to witness about what is in his heart;
Yet, he is the most severe of enemies.
2.205. When he turns his back, his aim,
is to spread mischief everywhere, through the earth,
and destroy crops and cattle.
But Allah does not love mischief.
2.206. And when it is said to him, "Fear Allah".
He is led by false pride, towards (even more) sin.
Enough for him, is Hell - An evil bed indeed (to lie on).
2.207. And there is the type of man,
who gives his life, to earn the Pleasure of Allah;
And Allah, is full of kindness to (such) devotees.
2.208.. O you who believe! Enter into Islam - wholeheartedly;
And follow not, the footsteps of the Satan;
For he is to you, an avowed enemy.
2.209. Then, if you go back, after the Clear (Signs) have come to you,
then know that Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.
2.210. Will they (non believes) wait until Allah comes to them
in canopies of clouds, with angels (in His train),
and the question is thus settled?
But, to Allah, all the questions go back (for decision).
2.211.. Ask the Children of Isreal!
How many Clear (Signs) We have sent to them,
but if anyone substitutes (something else),
after Allah's favor has come to him, Allah, is strict in punishment.
2.212. The life of this world attracts those, who reject faith,
and they make fun of those who believe.
But the righteous, will be above them,
on the Day of Gathering (Resurrection);
For Allah grants His abundance, without measure, on anyone He Wills.
2.213. Mankind was a single nation,
and Allah sent messengers with glad tidings, and warning;
And with them He sent down the Book in Truth,
to judge between people in matters where they (the people) differed: but the People of the Book, after the clear Signs came to them,
did not differ among themselves,
except those with selfishness and rejection.
Allah, by His Grace, guided the believers to the Truth,
concerning that, in what they differed.
And Allah, guides whom He wills, to a Straight Path.
2.214. Or do you (people) think that you shall enter the Garden (Paradise) without many (trials),
as (they) came to those, who passed away before you?
They, faced suffering and grief, and were so shaken in spirit,
that even the (Prophet (Muhammad),
and those of faith who were with him cried:
"When, (will come) the help of Allah"?
Oh! Surely, the help of Allah is (always) near!
2.215.. They ask you (O Prophet), what they should spend (in charity).
Say: "Whatever you spend is good, (it) must be for parents, and relatives, and orphans, and those in want, and for the wayfarers.
And whatever you do (for them) that is good, Allah knows it well".
2.216. War, (for just reasons), is prescribed for you,
even though you dislike war.
But you may dislike a thing that is good for you,
and that you may love a thing that is bad for you.
But, Allah knows, and you know not.
2.217.. They ask you (O Prophet), concerning fighting in the Sacred Months: (Muharam, Rajab, Zul-Quadah, and Zul-Hajjah):
Say: "Fighting in there is a serious (offense):
But in the sight of Allah, it is more serious,
to prevent access to the Path of Allah,
to deny Him, to prevent access to the Sacred Mosque,
and to drive out its members".
Persecution and injustice, are worse than killing.
And they will not stop fighting you,
until they turn you back from your faith, if they can.
And if any of you turn away from their Faith, and die in unbelief,
their works will bear no fruit in this life, and the Hereafter;
They will be companions of Fire, and will abide in there.
2.218. Indeed, those who believed,
and those who suffered exile, and fought in the Path of Allah -
They, have the hope of the Mercy of Allah:
And Allah is Often Forgiving, Most Merciful.
2.219..They ask you (O Prophet) concerning drinking and gabling:
Say: "In them, is great sin, and some profit, for men;
But the sin is greater than the profit".
(And) they ask how much they are to spend (in charity),
Say: "What is beyond your needs".
Thus, Allah makes clear to you, His Signs:
In order that you may think -
2.220. (About their bearings) on this life and the Hereafter.
They ask you (O Prophet) concerning orphans:
Say: "The best thing to do is what is for their good;
If you mix their affair with yours, they are your brethren;
But Allah knows (the man) who means mischief,
from (the man) who means good.
And if Allah had wished, He could have put you into difficulties:
He is indeed Exalted in Power, Wise".
2.221.. And do not marry unbelieving women (idolaters), until they believe; And indeed, a slave woman, who believes,
is better than an unbelieving woman,
even though she (may) allure you.
And do not marry (your girls) to non-believers, until they believe:
a slave man who believes, is better than an unbeliever,
even though he (may) allure you;
non believers, (only) call you to the Fire.
But, Allah calls (you) by His Grace,
to the Garden (of Joy), and Forgiveness,
and makes His Signs clear to mankind,
that they may celebrate His Praise.
2.222.. They ask you (O Prophet), concerning women's (menstrual) courses: Say: "They are a hurt and a pollution:
So keep away from women in their courses,
and do not approach them until they are clean.
But when they have purified themselves,
you may approach them in any manner, time, or place,
ordained for you by Allah".
Because Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly,
and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean.
2.223. Your wives are like a tilth for you;
Approach your tilth when or how you will;
But do good acts for your souls before hand:
And fear Allah, and know that you are to meet Him (in the Hereafter); And give the good news to those who believe.
2.224.. And do not make Allah's (Name) an excuse,
in your oaths against doing good, and acting rightly,
and making peace between persons:
And Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
2.225. Allah will not call you to account for thoughtlessness in your oaths,
but for the intention earned in your hearts:
And Allah is Often Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
2.226. For those who take an oath of abdstention from their wives,
a waiting for four months is approved;
If then they return, surely, Allah is Often Forgiving, Most Merciful.
2.227. But if their intention is firm for divorce,
Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.
2.228.. And divorced women shall wait,
concerning themselves for three monthly (menstrual) periods.
It is not lawful for them to hide,
what Allah has created in their wombs,
if they have faith in Allah and the Last Day.
And their husbands have the better right to take them back,
in that period, if they wish to resolve the differences.
And women shall have rights similar, to the rights against them, according to what is equitable;
But men have a degree (of advantage) over them.
And Allah is Almighty, All Wise.
2.229. A divorce is only permitted two times:
After that the parties should either stay together on just terms,
or separate with kindness.
It is not lawful for you, (men),
to take back any of your gifts (from your wives).
Except when both parties fear, that [*they] -
would be unable to keep the limits set forth by Allah.
If you (judges) do fear that they would be unable to keep the limits,
set forth by Allah, then there is no blame on either of them,
if she gives something for her freedom.
These are the limits set by Allah - So do not break them;
If any (person) does step beyond the limits set forth by Allah,
such persons wrong (themselves as well as others).
2.230. And if a husband divorces his wife (a third time),
then he cannot, after that, re-marry her,
until after she has married another husband,
and he has divorced her.
In that case, there is no blame on either of them,
if they reunite,
provided they feel that they can keep the limits set forth by Allah. Such, are the limits set by Allah,
which He makes plain to those who understand.
2.231. And when you divorce women,
and they fulfill the term of their waiting period
(of three monthly courses),
either take them back on just and fair terms,
or set them free on just and fair terms;
But, do not take them back to hurt them,
(or) to take undue advantage (of them);
If anyone does that, he wrongs his own soul.
Do not treat Allah's Signs lightly -
But sincerely, recite Allah's favors on you;
and the fact that He sent down to you ,
the Book and Wisdom, for your instruction.
And fear Allah, and know that Allah is All Knowing of all things.
2.232.. And when you divorce women,
and they fulfill the term (a waiting period of three monthly courses), do not prevent them from marrying their former husbands,
if they both agree on fair terms.
This (instruction) is for all among you,
who believe in Allah and the Last Day.
That is (the path towards) greatest virtue and purity among you.
And Allah knows, and you know not.
2.233.. The mothers should nurse their offspring for two whole years,
if the father desires to complete their term.
But, he shall bear the cost,
of the mother's food and clothing with fairness and justice.
No soul shall have a burden laid on it greater than it can bear.
No mother, shall be treated unfairly, on account of her child.
Nor father, on account of his child,
an heir, shall be accountable, in the same way.
If they both decide on weaning by the agreement of both;
After due consultation, there is no blame on them,
if you decide on a foster mother for your baby,
there is no blame on you,
provided you pay (the mother) what you offered,
with fairness and justice.
But fear Allah, and know that Allah is All Seeing, of all that you do.
2.234.. If any of you die, and leave widows behind,
they shall wait, concerning themselves, four months and ten days: When they have fulfilled their term, there is no blame on you,
if they do as they see fit with themselves,
in a just and reasonable manner,
and Allah is well Aware of all that you do.
2.235. And there is no blame on you,
if you make an offer (a hint) of marriage or hold it in your hearts.
Allah knows that you admire the,m in your hearts:
But do not make a secret contract with them,
except in honorable terms,
and do not decide on the tie of marriage,
till the term prescribed is fulfilled.
And know that Allah knows what is in your hearts,
and so be fearful [*of] Allah;
And know that Allah is Often Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
2.236.. There is no sin in you,
if you divorce women before the marital relationship begins,
or the bridal gift has been determined.
If this is the case, then offer and give them a suitable gift,
the wealthy - according to his means,
and the poor - according to his means.
A gift of a reasonable amount, is due,
from those who wish to do the right thing.
2.237. If you divorce them before the marital relationship begins,
but after determining a bridal gift for them,
then one half of the bridal gift (is due to them), unless they remit it,
or (the man's half) is remitted,
by him in whose hands is the marriage tie.
Remitting (the man's half) is the closest to right conduct.
Do not forget to be generous between yourselves,
because Allah is All Seeing.
2.238.. Guard strictly (the habit of) your prayers,
especially the Middle (late afternoon) prayer;
And stand before Allah, in a pious (frame of mind).
2.239. And if you fear (an enemy), pray on foot, or riding,
but when you are in security, celebrate Allah's Praises,
in the manner He has taught you, which you did not know (before).
2.240.. Those of you who die and leave widows,
should provide for the widows, a years maintenance and residence; Without turning them out,
but if they leave (the residence), there is no blame on you,
for what they may do with themselves, provided it is reasonable,
and Allah is Almighty, All Wise.
2.241. For the divorced women,
the maintenance (should be provide) on a reasonable (scale).
This is a duty of the righteous.
2.242. Like this, Allah makes His Signs clear to you:
So that you may understand.
2.243.. Did you not turn your vision to those who abandoned their homes. Though they were thousands (in number), for fear of death?
Allah said to them: "Die". Then, He restored them to life.
Truly, Allah is full of kindness to mankind,
but most of them are ungrateful.
2.244. So fight in Allah's cause (during war),
and know that Allah hears and knows all things.
2.245. Who is he who will loan to Allah, a beautiful loan,
which Allah will double to his credit and multiply many times?
It is Allah Who gives (you) want or plenty,
and to Him shall be your return.
2.246.. Have you not turned your vision,
to the groups of the Children of Israel,
after (the time of) Musa (Moses)?
They said to a prophet (who was) among them (Samuel):
"Appoint a king for us, that we may fight in the cause of Allah."
He said: "Is it not possible that,
if you were commanded to fight, you may not fight"?
They said: "How could we refuse to fight in the Cause of Allah,
after seeing that we were turned out of our homes, and our families"? But when they were commanded to fight, they turned back,
except for a small band among them.
But Allah has full knowledge of those who do wrong.
2.247. And their prophet said to them:
"Indeed, Allah has appointed Talut, as king over you".
They said:"How can he exercise authority over us,
when we are better fitted than he to exercise authority,
and he is not even gifted with wealth in abundance"?
He said: "Indeed, Allah has chosen him above you,
and has gifted him abundantly with knowledge,
and bodily strength over all:
And Allah grants His authority to whom He pleases.
And Allah is Enough for all, All Knowing".
2.248. And (further) their prophet said to them:
"Verily, a Sign of His authority is that,
there shall come to you, the Chest of the Covenant,
with (an assurance) of security, from your Lord,
and the relics left by the family of Musa (Moses),
and the family of Haroon (Aaron), carried by angels,
in this is a Symbol for you, if you really have faith".
2.249.. When Talut started with the armies, he said:
"Verily, Allah will test you at the stream:
If any (of you) drinks from its water, He will not go with my army: Only those who do not taste from it (the stream) will go with me:
A mere sip out of the hand is excused".
But, they all drank of it, except a few;
When they - He and the faithful ones with him - Crossed the river, they said: "This day, we cannot fight Goliath and his forces".
But those, who were convinced,
that they must (eventually) meet Allah, said:
"How often, by Allah's Will, has a small force overcome a big one (force)"?
Allah is with those, who constantly work (towards the good).
2.250. And when they advance to meet Goliath and his forces,
they prayed:"Our Lord! grant us constancy, and make our steps firm: Help us against those who reject faith".
2.251. By Allah's Will, they defeated them (Goliath and his forces);
And Dawood (David) slew Goliath;
And Allah gave him (David) power and wisdom,
and taught him whatever He willed.
And if Allah did not check one set of people,
by another (set of people), the earth would indeed be full of mischief: But Allah is full of bounty to all the worlds.
2.252. These are the Signs of Allah: We teach them to you in truth;
Surely, you (O Prophet!) are one of the (many) messengers.
2.253.. Those messengers:
We preferred some of them, some above the others:
To some of them (Moses), Allah spoke directly;
Others (David), He raised to degrees (of honor);
To Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary),
We gave Clear (Signs),
and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit (Gabriel).
If Allah had so willed,
the following generations would not have fought among each other, after the Clear (Signs) had come to them,
but they (chose) to differ, some believing and others rejecting.
If Allah had so willed, they would not have fought each other;
But Allah fulfills His plan.
2.254.. O you who believe! Spend from (the gifts) We have given you,
before the Day comes, when no bargaining, no friendship,
no praise (or intercession will be useful).
And those who reject Faith - They, are the wrongdoers.
2.255.. Allah! There is no god but He-
The Living, - The Self-Sufficient, - The Infinitely Enduring, -
Slumber or sleep never reaches Him.
All things are His, in the heavens and on the earth.
Who is there who can plead in His presence, except as He permits? He knows what (appears to His creatures),
before or after or behind them.
They, shall not understand the smallest fragment of His knowledge, except as He wills.
His Throne extends over the heavens and over the earth,
and He does not tire in guarding and preserving them;
And He is the Most High, the Supreme (in Glory).
[This Holy Verse glorifying Allah is known as Ayat-ul-Kursi].